Roman Emperor Nero, who was most likely the emperor when St. Paul wrote Philippians. He was also most definitely NOT a saint!
21 Greet every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren who are with me greet you. 22 All the saints greet you, but especially those who are of Caesar’s household. 23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
This is a standard epistolary conclusion, but note St. Paul’s saying “All the saints greet you, but especially those who are of Caesar’s household.” This implies that through St. Paul’s efforts, at least some of the members of Caesar’s household had converted to Christianity. These may have been slaves, paid servants, or relatives of the emperor. At St. Paul had suggested in the first part of his epistle, his imprisonment was not for nothing; it had a purpose—the furthering of the Gospel in Rome.
As is his custom, St. Paul closes his epistle by commending the Philippian Christians to the Lord. FF beautifully sums up what St. Paul does here: “From his prison captivity, the great apostle reaches out to them, praying that the grace, favor, and protection of the Lord may be with their inmost spirit. So St. Paul of unfettered joy ends his epistle to them, leaving them with this note of peace” (65).
Here endeth my Bible study series on Philippians.